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Dairy science and health in the tropics: challenges and opportunities for the next decades. Editorial First Online: 26 March Part of the following topical collections: Dairy Science and Health in the Tropics.

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Introduction Milk and dairy products are one of the most important sources of animal protein for human diets worldwide. Dairy production is a key element of agriculture in the tropics and the subtropics. As depicted in Fig. Nevertheless, these vast regions of the globe are seldom associated with commercial dairy production, more common and developed in temperate regions.

Numerous factors influence this reality; however, most of them are inherent to specific local conditions: heat stress, the low nutritional value of tropical and subtropical fodders, diseases, and parasites. Economic and political factors also influence dairy production in these regions e. Open image in new window. Almeida, A. The Damara in the context of Southern Africa fat-tailed sheep breeds.

Trop Anim Health Prod 43, — The effect of supplementation on productive performance of Boer goat bucks fed winter veld hay.

カクダイ シングルレバー混合栓 サイディング アルインコ K 高圧洗浄機 RATONA 混合水栓:カナジン 店

Trop Anim Health Prod 38, — Scrotal, testicular and semen characteristics of young Boer bucks fed winter veld hay: the effect of nutritional supplementation. Small Ruminant Research 73, — CrossRef Google Scholar. Baur, I. Tropical Animal Health and Production 49, — Beauchemin, K. Nutritional management for enteric methane abatement: a review.

Aust J Exp Agric 48, 21— Biscarini, F. Frontiers in Genetics 6, Britt, J. Invited review: Learning from the future-A vision for dairy farms and cows in Journal of Dairy Science , — Catunda, K. Gross composition, fatty acid profile and sensory characteristics of Saanen goat milk fed with Cacti varieties. Trop Anim Health Prod 48, — Chadwick, D.

Manure management: Implications for greenhouse gas emissions.

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Animal Feed Science and Technology —, — Chantalakhana, C. Small farm animal production and sustainable agriculture. In: Proc. Taipei, Taiwan.

カクダイ シングルレバー混合栓 サイディング アルインコ 183-160K 高圧洗浄機 RATONA 混合水栓:カナジン 店

Google Scholar. Collier, R. Dahl G. Major advances associated with environmental effects on dairy cattle. Dairy Sci. Cugno, G. PLoS One. M, Barbados Blackbelly: the Caribbean ovine genetic resource. Trop Anim Health Prod 50, — Trop Anim Health Prod 40, — De Almeida, A. Improving animal production and health in the tropics-the challenge of humankind. Deb, G. Safe and sustainable traditional production: the water buffalo in Asia. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 4, Devendra, C.

Comparative nitrogen utilization in Malaysian water Buffalos and Kedah-Kelanton cattle. Perspectives on animal production systems in Asia. Livestock Science , 1— FAO, , Gateway to dairy production and products. Greenhouse gas emissions from the dairy sector — A life cycle assessment. FAO, Rome. Ferreira, A.

The sheep Ovis aries muscle proteome: Decoding the mechanisms of tolerance to Seasonal Weight Loss using label-free proteomics. J Proteomics 16, 57— Gerber, P.

Haenlein, G. Status and prospects of the dairy goat industry in the United States. J Anim Sci 74, — Halmemies-Beauchet-Filleau, A. Review: Alternative and novel feeds for ruminants: nutritive value, product quality and environmental aspects.

How to boost milk production in dairy cows

Animal 12, ss Hansen, P. Exploitation of genetic and physiological determinants of embryonic resistance to elevated temperature to improve embryonic survival in dairy cattle during heat stress.

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Theriogenology 68, — Hernandez-Castellano, L. Milk somatic cell count, lactate dehydrogenase activity, and immunoglobulin G concentration associated with mastitis caused by different pathogens: A field study. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd , — The goat Capra hircus mammary gland secretory tissue proteome as influenced by weight loss: A study using label free proteomics. J Proteomics , 60— Endocrine and metabolic changes in transition dairy cows are affected by prepartum infusions of a serotonin precursor.

Ingvartsen, K. Feeding- and management-related diseases in the transition cow - Physiological adaptations around calving and strategies to reduce feeding-related diseases. Animal Feed Science and Technology , — Jones, B. Zoonosis emergence linked to agricultural intensification and environmental change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , — Ledgard, S. Effects of the nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide DCD on pasture production, nitrous oxide emissions and nitrate leaching in Waikato, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 57, — Body live weight and milk production parameters in the Majorera and Palmera goat breeds from the Canary Islands: influence of weight loss.

Trop Anim Health Prod 45, — Establishment of the biochemical and endocrine blood profiles in the Majorera and Palmera dairy goat breeds: the effect of feed restriction. J Dairy Res 82, — Martin, C. Methane mitigation in ruminants: from microbe to the farm scale.

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Animal 4, — McMahon, B. Targets to increase food production: One Health implications. Miller, B. Ovine liver proteome: Assessing mechanisms of seasonal weight loss tolerance between Merino and Damara sheep. J Proteomics , — The ovine hepatic mitochondrial proteome: Understanding seasonal weight loss tolerance in two distinct breeds.

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PLoS One 14, e In production system, where animals were partly grazed with some stall feeding, without a feeding trough, usually the feed were presented to animals without chopping. This can result to trampling and inefficient utilization. Overall, across the zones, approximately Another Dairy meal was the principal commercial supplement offered to dairy cattle. Milling by-products such as bran and wheat pollard and herbaceous or browse legumes were not used for feeding. Dairy meal was available at a cost from livestock feed stores located within several rural-urban centres in the region and was normally offered to lactating cows during milking time.

Approximately 6. However, it was established that the cows that were offered supplements three times a day were not based on milk yield but the number of times they were milked per day. The proportion of farmers who did not offer supplements However, this was not matched with increased price of milk thus becoming un-economical to offer concentrates. Some of the farmers who did not offer commercial supplements reported that they occasionally used sweet potatoes vines or legume residues from cowpea and pigeon pea during milking.

Nonetheless, feeding of sweet potatoes vines was mainly restricted during the rainy season when they were abundant. Table 1. Similar findings were also reported by Omore et al in the traditionally dairy region of Central highlands of Kenya.