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Terrorism in India
Chronologies of Modern Terrorism - Routledge - Literati by Credo
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You already recently rated this item. Your rating has been recorded. After a hour firefight, the army successfully took control of the temple. According to Indian government sources, 83 army personnel were killed and were injured. Militant casualties were killed and 86 injured. During the same year, the assassination of Indira Gandhi by two Sikh bodyguards , believed to be driven by the Golden Temple affair, resulted in widespread anti-Sikh riots, especially in New Delhi.
It was one of the worst terrorist act in Canada's history. The ending of Sikh militancy and the desire for a Khalistan catalysed when the then-Prime Minister of Pakistan , Benazir Bhutto , handed all intelligence material concerning Punjab militancy to the Indian government, as a goodwill gesture.
The Indian government used that intelligence to arrest those who were behind attacks in India and militancy.
The ending of overt Sikh militancy in led to a period of relative calm, punctuated by militant acts for example, the assassination of Punjab CM, Beant Singh, in attributed to half a dozen or so operating Sikh militant organisations. The Delhi summit on security took place on 14 February with the foreign ministers of China, India , and Russia meeting in Hyderabad House , Delhi , India, to discuss terrorism, drug trafficking, reform of the United Nations , and the security situations in Afghanistan , Iran , Iraq , and North Korea.
Three explosions went off in the Indian capital of New Delhi on 29 October , which killed more than 60 people and injured at least others. The high number of casualties made the bombings the deadliest attack in India in It was followed by 5 bomb blasts on 13 September Terrorists on 13 December attacked the Parliament of India , resulting in a minute gun battle in which 9 policemen and parliament staff were killed.
All five terrorists were also killed by the security forces and were identified as Pakistani nationals. The attack took place around am IST , minutes after both Houses of Parliament had adjourned for the day. The suspected terrorists dressed in commando fatigues entered Parliament in a car through the VIP gate of the building. Displaying Parliament and Home Ministry security stickers, the vehicle entered the Parliament premises.
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The terrorists set off massive blasts and used AK rifles, explosives, and grenades for the attack. Senior Ministers and over members of parliament were inside the Central Hall of Parliament when the attack took place. Security personnel sealed the entire premises, which saved many lives. On 7 December , another blast occurred in Varanasi, that killed immediately a toddler , and set off a stampede in which 20 people, including four foreigners, were injured.
A series of blasts occurred across the Hindu holy city of Varanasi on 7 March Fifteen people are reported to have been killed and as many as others were injured. On 5 April the Indian police arrested six Islamic militants, including a cleric who helped plan bomb blasts. The cleric is believed to be a commander of a banned Bangladeshi Islamic militant group, Harkatul Jihad-al Islami, and is linked to the Inter-Services Intelligence , the Pakistani spy agency.
The long simmering Ayodhya crisis finally culminated in a terrorist attack on the site of the 16th century Babri Masjid.
The ancient Masjid in Ayodhya was demolished on 5 July Following the two-hour gunfight between Lashkar-e-Toiba terrorists based in Pakistan and Indian police, in which six terrorists were killed, opposition parties called for a nationwide strike with the country's leaders condemning the attack, believed to have been masterminded by Dawood Ibrahim. Tensions exists between these states and the central government, as well as amongst the tribal people, who are natives of these states, and migrant peoples from other parts of India.
The states have accused New Delhi of ignoring the issues concerning them. It is this feeling which has led the natives of these states to seek greater participation in self-governance. There are existing territorial disputes between Manipur and Nagaland. Northeastern regional tension has eased of late with Indian and state governments' concerted effort to raise the living standards of the people in these regions.
Chronologies of Modern Terrorism / Edition 1
However, militancy still exists in this region of India supported by external sources. After the independence of India in , the area remained a part of the province of Assam. Nationalist activities arose amongst a section of the Nagas. Phizo -led Naga National Council and demanded a political union of their ancestral and native groups. The movement led to a series of violent incidents, that damaged government and civil infrastructure, attacked government officials and civilians. The union government sent the Indian Army in , to restore order. In , an agreement was reached between Naga leaders and the Indian government, creating a single separate region of the Naga Hills.
The Tuensang frontier were united with this single political region, Naga Hills Tuensang Area NHTA ,  and it became a Union territory directly administered by the Central government with a large degree of autonomy. This was not satisfactory to the tribes, however, and agitation with violence increased across the state — including attacks on army and government institutions, banks, as well as non-payment of taxes. In July , following discussion between the then Prime Minister Nehru and the leaders of the Naga People Convention NPC , a point agreement was arrived at whereby the Government of India recognised the formation of Nagaland as a full-fledged state within the Union of India.
Nagaland became the 16th state of the Indian Union on 1 December In November , the leaders of largest rebellion groups agreed to lay down their arms and accept the Indian constitution, a small group did not agree and continued their insurgent activity. Over the 5-year period of to , between 0 and 11 civilians died per year in Nagaland from rebellion related activity or less than 1 death per year per , people , and between 3 and 55 militants deaths per year in inter-factional killings or between 0 and 3 deaths per , people.
After Nagaland , Assam is the most volatile state in the region. Beginning in , the indigenous people of Assam demanded that the illegal immigrants who had emigrated from Bangladesh to Assam be detected and deported. The movement led by All Assam Students Union began non-violently with satyagraha , boycotts, picketing, and courting arrests. Those protesting frequently came under police action. In an election was conducted, which was opposed by the movement leaders. The election led to widespread violence. The movement finally ended after the movement leaders signed an agreement called the Assam Accord with the central government on 15 August Under the provisions of this accord, anyone who entered the state illegally between January and March was allowed to remain but was disenfranchised for ten years, while those who entered after faced expulsion.
A November amendment to the Indian citizenship law allows non-citizens who entered Assam between and to have all the rights of citizenship except the right to vote for a period of ten years.
New Delhi also gave special administration autonomy to the Bodos in the state. However, the Bodos demanded a separate Bodoland, which led to a clash between the Bengalis, the Bodos, and the Indian military resulting in hundreds of deaths. There are several organisations that advocate the independence of Assam.